Aluminum alloy classification & application fields

scanning:25 author:John Kino time:2019-11-08 classify:Industry News
1XXX Pure Aluminum Description 1XXX Series Representative 1050 1060 1070 1XXX series aluminum plate is also called pure aluminum plate. In all series, 1XXX series belongs to the series with the most aluminum content. The purity can reach above 99.00%. Because it does not contain other technical elements, the production process is relatively simple and the price is relatively cheap.

1XXX Pure Aluminum Description 1XXX Series Representative 1050 1060 1070 1XXX series aluminum plate is also called pure aluminum plate. In all series, 1XXX series belongs to the series with the most aluminum content. The purity can reach above 99.00%. Because it does not contain other technical elements, the production process is relatively simple and the price is relatively cheap. It is the most commonly used series in the conventional industry. Most of the current circulation on the market is the 1050 and 1060 series. According to the last two Arabic numerals, the 1XXX series aluminum plate determines the minimum aluminum content of this series. For example, the last two Arabic numerals of the 1050 series are 50. According to the international brand nomenclature, the aluminum content must reach 99.5% to be qualified products. China's aluminum alloy technical standards (gB/T3880-2006) also clearly stipulates that the aluminum content of 1050 reaches 99.5%. The same reason that the aluminum content of the 1060 series aluminum plate must reach 99.6% or more.

Applications 1050 Extruded coils for food, chemical and brewing industries, various hoses, fireworks powder

1060 requires high corrosion resistance and formability, but the strength is not high, chemical equipment is its typical use.

1100 is used for processing parts that require good formability and high corrosion resistance but do not require high strength, such as chemical products, food industry equipment and storage containers, sheet metal parts, deep drawing or spinning concave vessels, Welding parts, heat exchangers, printing plates, nameplates, reflective appliances

1145 Packaging and insulation foil, heat exchanger

1199 electrolytic capacitor foil, optical reflective deposition film

1350 wire, conductive strand, busbar, transformer strip

2XXX Aluminum copper Description 2XXX series aluminum plate Represents 2A16(LY16) 2A06(LY6) 2XXX series aluminum plate is characterized by high hardness, among which the original content of copper is the highest, about 3-5%. The 2XXX series aluminum plates are aerospace aluminum and are currently not commonly used in conventional industries. There are fewer manufacturers producing 2XXX series aluminum sheets in China. Quality is still not comparable to foreign countries. Currently imported aluminum sheets are mainly supplied by Korean and German manufacturers. With the development of China's aerospace industry, the 2XXX series of aluminum sheet production technology will be further improved.

Applications 2011 Screws and machined products requiring good cutting performance

2014 is used in applications where high strength and hardness (including high temperature) are required. Aircraft heavy duty, forgings, slabs and extruded materials, wheels and structural components, multi-stage rocket first stage fuel tank and spacecraft parts, truck frame and suspension system parts

2017 is the first 2XXX series alloy to be used in industrial applications. The current range of applications is narrow, mainly for rivets, general mechanical parts, structural and transport structural parts, propellers and accessories.

2024 Aircraft structures, rivets, missile components, truck hubs, propeller components and other structural components

2036 car body sheet metal parts

2048 Aerospace structural components and weapon structural parts

2124 Aerospace structural components

2218 aircraft engine and diesel engine pistons, aircraft engine cylinder heads, jet engine impellers and compressor rings

2219 Space rocket welding oxidizer tank, supersonic aircraft skin and structural parts, operating temperature -270 ~ 300 °C. Good weldability, high fracture toughness, high resistance to stress corrosion cracking in T8

2319 Welding electrode and filler solder for 2219 alloy

2618 die forgings and free forgings. Piston and aero engine parts

2A01 Structural rivet with working temperature less than or equal to 100 °C

2A02 Axial compressor blades for turbojet engines operating at temperatures from 200 to 300 °C

2A06 Aircraft structure 150~250°C aircraft structure and aircraft structure rivet with working temperature 125~250°C

2A10 is higher than 2A01 alloy and is used to manufacture aircraft structural rivets with working temperature less than or equal to 100 °C.

Medium-strength structural parts, propeller blades, transportation vehicles and building structural parts of the 2A11 aircraft. Medium strength bolts and rivets for aircraft

2A12 Aircraft skins, bulkheads, ribs, spars, rivets, etc., construction and transportation structural components

2A14 Free forgings and die forgings with complex shapes

2A16 Spacecraft parts with working temperature 250~300°C, welded container and airtight cockpit working at room temperature and high temperature

2A17 Aircraft parts with working temperature 225~250°C

2A50 Medium-strength parts with complex shapes

2A60 aircraft engine compressor wheel, wind deflector, fan, impeller, etc.

2A70 aircraft skin, aircraft engine piston, wind deflector, roulette, etc.

2A80 Aero Engine Compressor Blades, Impellers, Pistons, Rings and Other Parts with High Operating Temperatures

2A90 aero engine piston

3XXX Aluminum Manganese Description 3XXX series aluminum plate stands for 3003 3A21. It can also be called rust-proof aluminum plate. China's 3XXX series aluminum plate production process is relatively excellent. The 3XXX series aluminum plate is made of manganese as the main component. The content is between 1.0 and 1.5. It is a series with better anti-rust function. Conventional applications in the humid environment of air conditioners, refrigerators, car bottoms, etc., the price is higher than the 1XXX series, is a more common alloy series.

Field of application 3003 is used to process parts that require good formability, high resistance to weldability, or require both these properties and work with higher strength than 1XXX alloys such as kitchenware, food and chemicals. Product processing and storage devices, tanks and tanks for transporting liquid products, various pressure vessels and pipes processed by thin plates

3004 all-aluminum can body requires higher strength parts than 3003 alloy, chemical production and storage equipment, sheet metal processing parts, building processing parts, construction tools, various lighting parts

3105 Room partitions, baffles, movable floor panels, gutters and downpipes, sheet forming parts, caps, stoppers, etc.

3A21 Aircraft fuel tank, oil pipeline, rivet wire, etc.; industrial materials such as building materials and food

4XXX Aluminium Silicon Description 4XXX Series Aluminum Plate The aluminum plate represented by the 4A01 4XXX series is a series with a high silicon content. Usually the silicon content is between 4.5 and 6.0%. It is a building material, mechanical parts, forging materials, welding materials; low melting point, good corrosion resistance. Product Description: It has heat resistance and wear resistance.

Application 4032 Forging materials, the addition of Si can suppress the coefficient of thermal expansion and improve the wear resistance. In addition, a small amount of Cu and M can be added to improve the heat resistance, and it is suitable for materials for forging pistons.

4043 has a low degree of melting and is used in molten electrodes and brazing electrodes. In addition, this alloy is grayed out after anodization due to the dispersion of Si particles, and is often used in exterior panels of building buildings.

5XXX Aluminum Magnesium Description 5XXX Series Represents the 5052.5005.5083.5A05 series. The 5XXX series aluminum plate belongs to the more common alloy aluminum plate series. The main element is magnesium, and the magnesium content is between 3-5%. Also known as aluminum-magnesium alloy. The main features are low density, high tensile strength and high elongation. The weight of aluminum-magnesium alloy is lower than other series under the same area. Therefore, it is commonly used in aviation, such as aircraft fuel tanks. It is also widely used in conventional industries. The processing technology is continuous casting and rolling, which belongs to the hot-rolled aluminum plate series and can be used for oxidation deep processing. In China, the 5XXX series aluminum plate is one of the more mature aluminum plate series.

Field of application 5005 is similar to 3003 alloy with medium strength and good corrosion resistance. Used as conductors, cookware, instrument panels, shells and architectural trims. The anodized film is brighter than the oxide film on the 3003 alloy and is consistent with the color tone of the 6063 alloy.

5050 sheet can be used as the inner liner of refrigerator and refrigerator, automobile air pipe, oil pipe and agricultural irrigation pipe; can also process thick plate, pipe, bar, profile and wire, etc.

5052 This alloy has good formability, corrosion resistance, candle resistance, fatigue strength and medium static strength. It is used in the manufacture of aircraft fuel tanks, oil pipes, and sheet metal parts for transportation vehicles and ships. Instruments, street lamp brackets and rivets , hardware products, etc.

5056 magnesium alloy and cable sheath rivets, zippers, nails, etc.; aluminum-clad wire is widely used in processing agricultural insect traps, and other occasions requiring high corrosion resistance

5083 For applications requiring high corrosion resistance, good weldability and moderate strength, such as ship, automotive and aircraft welded parts; pressure vessels requiring severe fire protection, refrigeration, television towers, drilling equipment, transportation Transportation equipment, missile components, armor, etc.

5086 For applications requiring high corrosion resistance, good weldability and moderate strength, such as ships, automobiles, airplanes, cryogenic equipment, television towers, drilling rigs, transportation equipment, missile parts and decks, etc.

5154 Welded structures, tanks, pressure vessels, ship structures and offshore installations, transport tanks

5182 Thin plates for processing cans, automotive body panels, control panels, reinforcements, brackets, etc.

5252 Used to make decorative parts with high strength, such as decorative parts for automobiles. Bright and transparent oxide film after anodization

5254 Hydrogen peroxide and other chemical product containers

5356 Aluminum-magnesium alloy welding rod and welding wire with magnesium content greater than 3%

5454 welded structure, pressure vessel, marine facility pipeline

5456 armor plate, high-strength welded structure, storage tank, pressure vessel, ship material

5457 Polished and anodized automotive and other decorative parts

5652 Hydrogen peroxide and other chemical product storage containers

5657 Decorative parts of polished and anodized automobiles and other equipment, but in any case must ensure that the material has fine grain structure

5A02 Aircraft fuel tanks and conduits, welding wire, rivets, ship structural parts

5A03 medium strength welded structure, cold stamped parts, welded container, welding wire, can be used to replace 5A02 alloy

5A05 welded structural parts, aircraft skin skeleton

5A06 Welded structure, cold forged parts, welded parts, welded parts, aircraft skin parts

5A12 welded structural parts, bulletproof deck

6XXX Aluminum Magnesium Silicon Description 6XXX Series Representative 6061 mainly contains magnesium and silicon. Therefore, the advantages of 4XXX series and 5XXX series are concentrated. 6061 is a cold-processed aluminum forged product suitable for applications requiring high corrosion resistance and oxidation resistance. Good usability, excellent interface characteristics, easy coating and good processability. Can be used on low pressure weapons and aircraft joints. General characteristics of 6061: excellent interface characteristics, easy coating, high strength, good workability and strong corrosion resistance. Typical uses for 6061 aluminum: aircraft parts, camera parts, couplers, marine parts and hardware, electronic parts and fittings, decorative or various hardware, hinged heads, magnetic heads, brake pistons, hydraulic pistons, electrical parts, valves and valve parts .

Field of application 6005 Extrusion profiles and tubes for structural parts requiring a height greater than 6063 alloy, such as ladders, TV antennas, etc.

6009 car body panels

6010 Sheet: Car body

6061\6082 requires various industrial structures with certain strength, weldability and corrosion resistance, such as tubes, rods and shapes for the manufacture of trucks, tower buildings, ships, trams, furniture, mechanical parts, precision machining, etc. Wood, sheet

6063 Architectural profiles, irrigation pipes and extruded materials for vehicles, stands, furniture, fences, etc.

6066 Forgings and welded structural extrusion materials

6070 Heavy-duty welded construction and extruded materials and pipes for the automotive industry

6101 High-strength bars, electric conductors and radiator materials for buses

6151 For die forging crankshaft parts, machine parts and production rolling rings, it requires good forgeability, high strength and good corrosion resistance.

6201 High-strength conductive bar and wire

6205 thick plate, pedal and high impact resistant extrusion

6262 Requires high-stress parts with thread resistance superior to those of the 2011 and 2017 alloys

6351 extruded structural parts of vehicles, water, oil, etc.

6463 Construction and various appliance profiles, as well as automotive decorative parts with a bright surface after anodizing

6A02 Aircraft engine parts, complex forgings and die forgings

7XXX Aluminum Zinc Description 7XXX Series Representative 7075 mainly contains zinc. Also belonging to the aviation series, it is aluminum-magnesium-zinc-copper alloy, which is a heat-treatable alloy. It belongs to super-hard aluminum alloy and has good wear resistance. The 7075 aluminum plate is stress-relieved and will not be deformed or warped after processing. All super-super The thick 7075 aluminum plate is ultrasonically detected to ensure no blisters and impurities. The 7075 aluminum plate has high thermal conductivity, which can shorten the molding time and improve work efficiency. The main feature is that the hardness of 7075 is a high hardness, high strength aluminum alloy, commonly used in the manufacture of aircraft structures and futures. It requires high-strength structural parts and molds with high strength and corrosion resistance. At present, it basically relies on imports, and China's production process needs to be improved. (Our company once had a foreign company proposed that the domestically produced 7075 aluminum plate is annealed unevenly, and the surface and internal hardness of the aluminum plate are inconsistent)

Application area 7005 Extrusion material for the manufacture of welded structures that require both high strength and high fracture toughness, such as trusses, rods, containers for transportation vehicles; large heat exchangers, and cannot be solidified after welding Melted parts; also used in the manufacture of sports equipment such as tennis rackets and softball bats

7039 Freezer containers, cryogenic equipment and storage tanks, fire pressure equipment, military equipment, armor plates, missile devices

7049 Forging parts with the same static strength as the 7079-T6 alloy and requiring high resistance to stress corrosion cracking, such as aircraft and missile parts - landing gear cylinders and extrusions. The fatigue performance of the part is roughly equal to that of the 7075-T6 alloy, and the toughness is slightly higher.

7050 Medium and heavy plates, extrusions, free forgings and die forgings for aircraft structural parts. The requirements for the manufacture of such parts are: resistance to spalling, stress corrosion cracking, fracture toughness and fatigue resistance.

7072 air conditioner aluminum foil and ultra-thin strip; 2219, 3003, 3004, 5050, 5052, 5154, 6061, 7075, 7475, 7178 alloy sheet and tube coating

7075 is used in the manufacture of aircraft structures and high stress structural parts and mold manufacturing that require high strength and corrosion resistance.

7175 High-strength structural for forging aircraft. T736 material has good comprehensive properties, namely high strength, anti-flaking corrosion and stress corrosion cracking resistance, fracture toughness and fatigue strength.

7178 Parts requiring high compressive yield strength for the manufacture of aerospace vehicles

7475 aluminum and uncoated aluminum sheets for the fuselage, wing frames, purlins, etc. Other parts that require both high strength and high fracture toughness

7A04 Aircraft skins, screws, and force members such as beam girders, bulkheads, ribs, landing gear, etc.

8XXX Other Applications 8XXX series The more commonly used 8011 belongs to other series. The main function of the aluminum plate is also applied to the radiator, and most of the applications are aluminum foil. Not very common.

9XXX Spare application field 9XXX series belongs to the spare series. The technology is now so developed. In order to cope with the appearance of aluminum plates containing other alloying elements, the International Aluminum Strip Federation expresses that the 9XXX series is a spare series, waiting for another new variety to appear to fill 9XXX. The blank of the series.